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Thursday, April 23, 2020 | History

3 edition of macro-economic effects of using fiscal instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (2001-EEP/DS8-M1) found in the catalog.

macro-economic effects of using fiscal instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (2001-EEP/DS8-M1)

Adele Bergin

macro-economic effects of using fiscal instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (2001-EEP/DS8-M1)

final report

by Adele Bergin

  • 122 Want to read
  • 1 Currently reading

Published by Environmental Protection Agency in Johnstown Castle, Co. Wexford .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Greenhouse gas mitigation -- Government policy -- Ireland.,
  • Environmental policy -- Economic aspects -- Ireland.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesEnvironmental RTDI Programme 2000-2006.
    Statementprepared for the Environmental Protection Agency by the Economic and Social Research Institute ; authors: Adele Bergin, John Fitz Gerald and Ide Kearney.
    SeriesERTDI report series -- No.21
    ContributionsFitz Gerald, John., Kearney, Ide., Economic and Social Research Institute., Ireland. Environmental Protection Agency., Environmental Research Technological Development and Innovation (ERTDI) Programme.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 33 p. :
    Number of Pages33
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16214990M
    ISBN 101840951362

      Increased use of low-carbon energy sources instead of fossil energy sources is making it easier for countries to decouple economic growth from greenhouse gas emissions. Macroeconomics is defined as the aggregate of economic activity in health and deals with overall financing and allocation of health resources.


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macro-economic effects of using fiscal instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (2001-EEP/DS8-M1) by Adele Bergin Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Macro-Economic Effects of Using Fiscal Instruments to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions (EEP/DS8-M1) Final Report Prepared for the Environmental Protection Agency by The Economic and Social Research Institute Authors: Adele Bergin, John Fitz Gerald and Ide Kearney ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY An Ghníomhaireacht um Chaomhnú Comhshaoil.

The Macro-Economic Effects of Using Fiscal Instruments to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions ERTDI Report 21 - Bergin et al.

Summary: Examines the proposal for a tax applied on the carbon content of all forms of energy consumed in Ireland. Book The Macro-Economic Effects of Using Fiscal Instruments to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions (EEP/DS8-M1) Final Report prepared for the Environmental Protection Agency July 1, The macro-economic effects of using fiscal instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions", paper to the Economic and Social Research Institute Conference, The sky’s the limit: efficient and fair policies on global warming ().

The macro-economic effects of using fiscal instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions", paper to the Economic and Social Research Institute Conference, The sky’s the limit: efficient and fair policies on global warming.

The effects are visible especially by the increase of the average global temperature with °C from the moment when it is started to be monitored, respectively. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the European Community (EC) has agreed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG).

The Macro-Economic Effects of Using Fiscal Instruments to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions”, Environ -mental Protection Agency, To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal : Stefano Verde and Richard S.

Tol. But climate changes poses significant macroeconomic challenges for many countries, including many of the most vulnerable. Efficient fiscal policies can help minimize its negative effects.

In relation to mitigation—by which I mean reducing the extent of climate change by lowering greenhouse gas emissions—I would like to stress two points.

First, it is essential that effective carbon-pricing policies are implemented, so as to create incentives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Tax, emission trading schemes, regulations and subsidy policy instruments to reduce Australian greenhouse gas emissions are assessed.

Australian recent and proposed examples are used as Author: John Freebairn. The fuel tax is the most common fiscal policy instrument; however its primary objective is to raise government revenues rather than to reduce emissions and traffic congestion. Although subsidizing public transportation is a common practice, reducing emissions has not.

The millennium warming and UHIE corrections reduce the temperature changebetween the two periods of the analysis due to greenhouse gases from C to ° C° The best estimate of ECS considering the millennium warming cycle and the UHIE macro-economic effects of using fiscal instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions book °C and the best estimateFile Size: KB.

The economic impact of any policy to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions would depend on a variety of policy and program design decisions that would be made by the Congress or the regulatory agencies that implemented such a policy. Most impor-tantly, the economic impact. Smith, in Encyclopedia of Health Economics, Abstract.

Macroeconomics can have a measurable impact on health and health care. The aim of this article is to introduce the macroeconomics of health and health care. The article will outline the core features and terms related to macroeconomics, as distinct from microeconomics, and then give an overview of the relationship between the.

Domestic Tradable Quotas (DTQs) are a proposed policy instrument for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from energy use. The instrument was proposed by Dr David Fleming, a London-based. Potential solutions to climate change are often framed as a tradeoff between reducing our impact on the environment and harming the economy.

More specifically, it is thought that we can reduce our climate-change-related impact by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases but that this will inevitably harm the economy by making energy more expensive.

the planet. Although certain details about climate interactions and specific effects remain uncertain, there is broad political consensus that efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions should be undertaken along with continued research and monitoring.

Numerous policy options have been proposed to reduce GHG emissions. The Economic Effects of Legislation to Reduce Greenhouse-Gas Emissions Skip to main content menu Main menu.

About CBO; Topics; Cost Estimates Enter your keywords. Sort by. Relevancy. Publication Date. The Economic Effects of Legislation to Reduce Greenhouse-Gas Emissions.

Septem Report. The Economic Effects of Legislation to. Considering the costs and risks of inaction, ambitious action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is economically rational. However, success in abating world emissions will ultimately require a least-cost set of policy instruments that is applied as widely as possible across all emission sources (countries, sectors and greenhouse gases).

A Taxonomy of Instruments to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions and their Interactions This paper reviews alternative (national and international) climate change mitigation policy instruments and interactions across them.

However, their cost-effectivenes can be enhanced through targeted use of other instruments. There is therefore room for Cited by: Experts from NERA's Environment Group have authored a chapter in The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society, a new book from Oxford University chapter, "Economic Policy Instruments for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions," considers the use of economic instruments to address climate change, including lessons from previous experience as well as a list of the key.

Example: ADELE BERGIN, J. F., IDE KEARNEY () The Macro-Economic Effects of Using Fiscal Instruments to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

Dublin Social Science Research Centre, University College Dublin. A challenge for many of the studies is to find options consistent with ‘maximizing society welfare’ and at the same time reducing greenhouse gas emissions (henceforth, GHG) 2 and its likely costs.

In the New Zealand context, recent discussion has focused on conceptual debate concerning taxes versus other policy by: The remaining 21 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions were contributed by the agriculture, commercial, and residential sectors. A number of programs aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions have been proposed or enacted in the United States and other developed countries, including: carbon taxes, cap-and-trade programs, carbon offsets.

Recent discussions of the extent of decoupling between greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and real gross domestic product (GDP) provide mixed evidence and have generated much debate.

We show that to get a clear picture of decoupling it is important to distinguish cycles from trends: there is an Environmental Okun's Law (a cyclical relationship between emissions and real GDP) that Cited by: 1.

Model (SAFRIM) quantify was used the macro-economic impact of the to greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation potential opportunities for the South African economy. It is important to compare the positive results thatthe various mitigation potential opportunities have on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions but also.

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the United States doesn’t hurt the economy—in fact, it can actually benefit the economy by saving businesses and consumers money and improving public health.

That’s the big finding of our new study, Seeing Is Believing, which analyzes opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the United States.

For scientific background to produce Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, the committee relied on the earlier findings and studies by the National Academies, the U.S.

government, and other research organizations. The committee has relied on earlier reports and studies to set the boundaries of the economic, environmental, and. Paper () for South Africa recommends the use of market-based instruments, specifically carbon taxes, to induce behavioural changes that contribute to lower GHG emissions.

The role of such instruments to address climate change and support sustainable development has gained increased prominence in recent Size: 1MB.

effects on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the food pro-duction and consumption system. The literature study re-vealed many opportunities for e-commerce to reduce GHG emissions in the food production and consumption system.

Some possibly negative effects were also identi” ed. Electronic grocery shopping (e-grocery) home delivery service was. We employ a single-country dynamically-recursive Computable General Equilibrium model to make health-focussed macroeconomic assessments of three contingent UK Greenhouse Gas (GHG) mitigation strategies, designed to achieve emission targets as suggested by the UK Committee on Climate Change.

In contrast to previous assessment studies, our main focus is on Cited by: For scientific background to produce Effects of U.S.

Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, the committee relied on the earlier findings and studies by the National Academies, the U.S. government, and other research committee has relied on earlier reports and studies to set the boundaries of the economic, environmental, and regulatory assumptions for the present study.

Adele Bergin has written: 'The macro-economic effects of using fiscal instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (EEP/DS8-M1)' -- subject(s): Economic aspects, Economic aspects of. Cap and Share was originally developed by Feasta and is a regulatory and economic framework for controlling the use of fossil fuels in relation to climate stabilisation.

Accepting that climate change is a global problem and that there is a need to cap and reduce greenhouse gas emissions globally, the philosophy of Cap and Share maintains that the earth’s atmosphere is a fundamental common.

A study has found that fiscal policies introduced by governments in developing countries can have a significant effect on lowering harmful carbon emissions and help countries with fulfilling their.

Impact of biofuel use in different transport modes on EU/UN goals for GHG emission reduction and renewable energy use 4. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS Environmental impact: GHG emissions Direct cost of biofuels production Total policy cost Total greenhouse gas savings of the EU biofuel policy Impact on.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Policy and Economics Although certain details about climate interactions and specific effects remain uncertain, there is broad political consensus that efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions should be undertaken along with continued research and File Size: 1MB.

The API Compendium of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimation Methodologies for the Oil and Gas Industry1 represents over a year long effort by API’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Methodology Working Group to screen, evaluate and document a range of calculation techniques and emission factors useful for developing GHG emission inventories.

Their combined citations are counted only for the first article. The macro-economic effects of using fiscal instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A Bergin, JF Gerald, I Kearney. Environmental Protection Agency,   Market-based policy instruments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are generally considered more appropriate than command and control tools.

However, the omission of transaction costs from policy evaluations and decision-making processes may result in inefficiency in public resource allocation and sub-optimal policy choices and by: capital tend to use less energy per unit of output, so that a recession that slows investment is likely to raise energy intensity compared with the no-recession case.

That will tend to offset in part the direct impact of a lower path for GDP on greenhouse gas by: 7. In greenhouse gas emissions trading, companies doing the "bidding" argue that Earth's atmosphere can be seen as affected almost uniformly by emissions anywhere on Earth.

They argue further that, as a result, there are almost no local effects, and only a measurable and widely agreed climate change effect, of a greenhouse gas emission, justifying. Road transport is the most important driver for increasing greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union and is therefore critical to achieving the EU's 20% greenhouse gas .Introduction.

Cutting high and increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has proved an elusive goal on the international political agenda since the first Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC ).

1 The most recent IPCC report found a high likelihood of a range of serious impacts at global mean temperature increases above 2 °C (IPCC ).Cited by: